Humphrey DeForest Bogart|
Born: December 25, 1899 - New York City, New York
Died: January 14, 1957 - Los Angeles, California (throat cancer)
Spouses: Helen Menken (1926-1927, divorced); Mary Philips (1928-1937, divorced); Mayo Methot (1938-1945, divorced); Lauren Bacall (1945-1957). Had two children with Bacall.
Biography: The son of a moderately wealthy Manhattan surgeon and a famed magazine illustrator, Humphrey Bogart was educated at Trinity School in New York City, then sent to Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, in preparation for medical studies at Yale. He was expelled from Phillips and joined the U.S. Naval Reserve. From 1920 to 1922, he managed a stage company owned by family friend William A. Brady (the father of actress Alice Brady), performing a variety of tasks at Brady's film studio in New York. He then began regular stage performances.
In 1930, he gained a contract with Fox, with his feature film debut in a ten-minute short. Fox released him after two years. After five years of stage and minor film roles, he had his breakthrough role in The Petrified Forest. He won the part over Edward G. Robinson only after the star, Leslie Howard, threatened Warner Brothers that he would quit unless Bogart was given the key role of Duke Mantee, which he had played in the Broadway production with Howard. The film was a major success and led to a long-term contract with Warners. From 1936 to 1940, Bogart appeared in 28 films, usually as a gangster, twice in Westerns and even a horror film. His landmark year was 1941 (often capitalizing on parts George Raft had rejected), with roles in classics such as High Sierra and The Maltese Falcon. Other successes that followed were Casablanca, The Big Sleep, and Key Largo.
Bogart won the best actor Academy Award for The African Queen, and was nominated for Casablanca and The Caine Mutiny, a film made when he was already seriously ill. He died in his sleep at his Hollywood home in 1957, following surgeries and a battle with throat cancer.